1.      What is learner centered instruction (LCI)?

It refers that the teaching learning process is based on individuals’ background, needs, and wants. The students construct their learning in an active way and work cooperatively.

2.      What is the main role of the teacher in LCI?

Teacher is a facilitator because he creates a positive learning climate in order to students feel safe and can be successful in classroom activities and develop meaningful learning. Teacher also scaffolds students’ learning and adopts the convenient strategies according to students’ needs. Besides that, teacher has to consider students’ preferences to motivate them to work and build their own learning.

3.      Explain the 4 key principles of student centered learning.

Learning is personalized: Students have different styles of learning. Their interests, wants and needs are diverse, so it is essential that teachers ask them about their abilities, and difficulties in order to use the appropriate teaching techniques and help them to learn.

Learning is competence based: It refers to transversal and specific skills are developed and specific knowledge is acquired by students in order to use them in different situations of their personal and professional life. (Villa et al., 2008)

Learning happens anytime-anywhere: Students of diverse ages can acquire the knowledge they need. It is only necessary the motivation and they can study in the morning, afternoon or evening. They can also learn in different places through interaction between individuals of the educational institution, the work and the personal environment.

Students take ownership: Learners are responsible of their own learning. Besides that, they work in an autonomous and collaborative way.


Villa et al. ( 2008) Competence-based learning. A proposal for the assessment of generic competences. Retrieved from

By: Diana Lorena Saca Vélez

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