The learner centered instruction LCI is "the process of active learning", where students are active participants in their learning.They get involved in the teaching-learning process as never before. Students are able to build new knowledge and skills. They work in collaboration with others. Team work, group work,pair work, allow them equal participation by developing their thinking skills in a high level. It is the best recommended method to teach and learn since it naturally develops the students' "cognitive, linguistic and social activities".
The teacher becomes a mediator instead of an instructor. He/she involves students in the learning process by developing their analyzing, explaining, synthesizing and elaborating learning skills. Students reach a meaningful learning through reasoning strategies to achieve learning goals.
Teachers guide students "how to arrive at an answer rather that simply giving answers to them". And the most important the teacher encourages students to ask "why" and to find the answers by themselves. The teacher teaches his/her students to think before arriving to a conclusion.
Learner centered instruction has 4 very important Principles:
- LEARNING IS PERSONALIZED: In an interactive class, students talk more and teacher talks less. The teacher knows each student's needs, so students learn at their own pace.
2. LEARNING IS COMPETENCY: It is based on that the given information is always mastered through different learning skills. "Own pace in every subject responds to individual needs".
3. LEARNING HAPPENS ANYWHERE AND ANYTIME: Students learn inside and outside the classroom. They learn from and in any situation because they know how to use their thinkins skills to understand new situations.
4. STUDENTS TAKE OWNERSHIP. Students are highly engaged in the learning process that the teacher work with them not in front of them. The collaborative approach will become through team work, group work or pair work. Partneship and group discussion is an important part in Learner Centered Instruction.