What is Learner Centered Instruction?
The learner centered instruction is the use of teaching methodologies that are focalized on meeting students’ individual needs and skills. Therefore the objectives, language goals and process of the lesson plan are focused on getting to know each student better to meet their individual needs, building up their strengths and lessening their weaknesses.
What is the main role of the teacher in LCI?
The teacher’s role in LCI is to work as facilitator, thus he guides the process of learning but not as the leading character or hero of the class but as a model. He makes students account of their own learning, provides motivation to succeed and opportunities to get involved in the process.
Explain the 4 key principles of student centered learning
The student centered learning has four key principles. First, the learning needs to be personalized, meanwhile the teacher strives to get to know each student, the students consequently commit with the process of language learning. Second, the learning is competence-based, it means that the whole teaching-learning process is not focused on meeting the curriculum objectives as fast as possible. It is more about moving at the pace of the students but once they have mastered the content, taking into account their individual challenges and potential. Third, learning happens anytime, anywhere, hence the school and the class are not the only sources of knowledge, it actually can be discovered and maximized out of the school environment. Finally students take ownership of their learning when the teacher gets them involved in the process, when they take their own decisions and when they choose the way to reach a language goal, then the knowledge becomes “lasting and meaningful”.