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<p style="text-align: center;">By Mónica Zambrano </p>
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<p style="text-align: center;">By Liliana del Cisne Ordóñez Avila</p>
   
 
<p style="text-align: center;">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:11.0pt;line-height:115%; font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">What is learner centered instruction (LCI)? </span>'''''' '''</p>
 
<p style="text-align: center;">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:11.0pt;line-height:115%; font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">What is learner centered instruction (LCI)? </span>'''''' '''</p>
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Hello everyone,
   
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For me LCI is an instructional and/or educational approach in which teachers are called to teach but focusing on b<span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;line-height:18.5714px;">oth the learner and learning. </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">Being a learner-centered </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">teacher means focusing attention on the learning process thus placing the learner in the center where the learning emerges. Le</span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">arner-centered </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">teachers should focus on wh</span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">at and how the student is learning, the conditions under the learning process is happening and the current learning positions for the student future learning. At this point it is important to clarify that learner - centered instruction </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;"> focuses on what the students are doing not what the teacher is doing.</span><span style="color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;line-height:18.5714px;"> The instructor provides students with opportunities to learn independently and from one another and coaches them in the skills they need to do so effectively. The LCI approach includes such techniques as substituting active learning experiences for lectures, assigning open-ended problems and problems requiring critical or creative thinking that cannot be solved by following text examples, involving students in simulations and role plays, and using self-paced and/or cooperative (team-based) learning. Properly implemented SCI can lead to increased motivation to learn, greater retention of knowledge, deeper understanding, and more positive attitudes towards the subject being taught (Collins & O'Brien, 2003). In most common simple words the </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">idea of learner - centered instruction </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">implies taking into account the learner’s experiences, talents, personalities, social backgrounds, and needs. It also refers to using current knowledge about learning as a way to help learners become lifelong learners able to cope with the rapid changing world.</span><span style="color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-weight:normal;"> </span>
   
hello
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<span style="line-height:18.5714px;"> </span>''' Explain the 4 key principles of student centered leraning.'''
   
'''<span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language:EN-US">LCI is a box of tools that use the teachers to help to the students learn and get meaningful knowledge applying different methodologies, strategies and activities in order to students solve problems and create new things and get new experiences for their own, in this way students become more stronger and focus in their benefits.  </span>'''
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<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1 Personalized Learning. </span>'''Student centered learning situates the teacher as facilitator and contributor rather than authoritarian and director of knowledge.'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor: text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Teacher  knows l</span><span style="color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-weight:normal;">earner’s experiences, talents, personalities, social backgrounds, and needs</span></p>
   
''' What is the main role of  the teacher in LCI?'''
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<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">2 Learning is competency based. </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">Because students manage a lot of information, student centered learning enables critical thinking. It means to develop knowledge rather than a collection of facts.  </span></p>
   
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<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">3 Learning happens anytime, anywhere. </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">Student centered learning employs effective assessment to promote learning anywhere at anytime even can inform future aspects. </span></p>
   
Hello, my name is Alma Torres, I am trying the WIKI to edit a post
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<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpLast">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">4. Students take ownership. </span>'''Student centered learning returns the responsibility for learning to the students, so students are able to discover their strengths and weaknesses and take part in directing their own knowledge gain.</p>
   
I went to the top right and clicked on C_ONTRIBUTE, then clicked on EDIT THIS PAGE, then click on EDIT  CLASSICAL EDITOR and then I am writing this right now and then I am going to press the button to the upper right (violet) where it says PUBLISH and that is all, my wiki will be posted!!! Bye!!!
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<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpLast">
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</p>
   
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<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpLast">Here is presented a chart with some functional aspects that have changed from the traditional method to the one which is our goal to reach, the Learner-centered.</p>
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===Teacher vs. Learner-Centered Instruction===
<span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language:EN-US">The main role of the teacher is to be a positive guide in the classroom where he or she considers that the world is changing and engage to the students to learn and create for themselves new things and get success in the future.  </span>
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{| border="1" bordercolor="#000000" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" style="font-family:"TimesNewRoman";" width="100%"
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|- valign="top"
''' Explain the 4 key principles of student centered leraning.'''
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|
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<p style="text-align: center;">Teacher-Centered</p>
<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1 Personalized Learning. </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor: text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Teacher knows students during the process and development of skills and stablish a strong relationship between them.  </span></p>
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|
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<p style="text-align: center;">Learner-Centered</p>
<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">2 Learning is competency based. </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">Accordng to the curriculum students manage a lot of information and their skills are based in every subject, needs and for this reason teacher has to take into a count this way of learning because students are going to be challengers according thier knowledge that they receive every day.   </span></p>
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|- valign="top"
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<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">3 Learning happens anytime, anywhere. </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">Students can discover new and important things  by themselves in any place and that knowledge is going to be meaningful because students will use their own ideas and creativity to apply this for their daily lives.  </span></p>
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Focus is on instructor
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<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpLast">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">4. Students take ownership. </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">When teacher has to make a desicion is not a good idea make it alone without students because it cause meaningful impact</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black; mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">. Students need to be important because everyone has different interests and needs during the learning process, the best idea is work together. </span></p>
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Focus is on both students and instructor
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|- valign="top"
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|
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Focus is on language forms and structures (what the instructor knows about the language)
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Focus is on language use in typical situations (how students will use the language)
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|- valign="top"
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|
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Instructor talks; students listen
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|
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Instructor models; students interact with instructor and one another
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|- valign="top"
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|
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Students work alone
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|
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Students work in pairs, in groups, or alone depending on the purpose of the activity
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|- valign="top"
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|
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Instructor monitors and corrects every student utterance
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|
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Students talk without constant instructor monitoring; instructor provides feedback/correction when questions arise
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|- valign="top"
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|
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Instructor answers students’ questions about language
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|
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Students answer each other’s questions, using instructor as an information resource
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|- valign="top"
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|
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Instructor chooses topics
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Students have some choice of topics
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|- valign="top"
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Instructor evaluates student learning
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Students evaluate their own learning; instructor also evaluates
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|- valign="top"
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Classroom is quiet
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Classroom is often noisy and busy
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|}
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http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/goalsmethods/learncentpop.html 
 
[[Category:Browse]]
 
[[Category:Browse]]
 
[[Category:Http://learner-centered-instruction.wikia.com/wiki/Learnercenterapproach?venotify=created]]
 
[[Category:Http://learner-centered-instruction.wikia.com/wiki/Learnercenterapproach?venotify=created]]

Revision as of 07:14, September 12, 2016

By Liliana del Cisne Ordóñez Avila

'What is learner centered instruction (LCI)? '

Hello everyone,

For me LCI is an instructional and/or educational approach in which teachers are called to teach but focusing on both the learner and learning. Being a learner-centered teacher means focusing attention on the learning process thus placing the learner in the center where the learning emerges. Learner-centered teachers should focus on what and how the student is learning, the conditions under the learning process is happening and the current learning positions for the student future learning. At this point it is important to clarify that learner - centered instruction  focuses on what the students are doing not what the teacher is doing. The instructor provides students with opportunities to learn independently and from one another and coaches them in the skills they need to do so effectively. The LCI approach includes such techniques as substituting active learning experiences for lectures, assigning open-ended problems and problems requiring critical or creative thinking that cannot be solved by following text examples, involving students in simulations and role plays, and using self-paced and/or cooperative (team-based) learning. Properly implemented SCI can lead to increased motivation to learn, greater retention of knowledge, deeper understanding, and more positive attitudes towards the subject being taught (Collins & O'Brien, 2003). In most common simple words the idea of learner - centered instruction implies taking into account the learner’s experiences, talents, personalities, social backgrounds, and needs. It also refers to using current knowledge about learning as a way to help learners become lifelong learners able to cope with the rapid changing world. 

  Explain the 4 key principles of student centered leraning.

1 Personalized Learning. Student centered learning situates the teacher as facilitator and contributor rather than authoritarian and director of knowledge. Teacher  knows learner’s experiences, talents, personalities, social backgrounds, and needs

2 Learning is competency based. Because students manage a lot of information, student centered learning enables critical thinking. It means to develop knowledge rather than a collection of facts.  

3 Learning happens anytime, anywhere. Student centered learning employs effective assessment to promote learning anywhere at anytime even can inform future aspects.

4. Students take ownership. Student centered learning returns the responsibility for learning to the students, so students are able to discover their strengths and weaknesses and take part in directing their own knowledge gain.

Here is presented a chart with some functional aspects that have changed from the traditional method to the one which is our goal to reach, the Learner-centered.

Teacher vs. Learner-Centered Instruction

Teacher-Centered

Learner-Centered

Focus is on instructor

Focus is on both students and instructor

Focus is on language forms and structures (what the instructor knows about the language)

Focus is on language use in typical situations (how students will use the language)

Instructor talks; students listen

Instructor models; students interact with instructor and one another

Students work alone

Students work in pairs, in groups, or alone depending on the purpose of the activity

Instructor monitors and corrects every student utterance

Students talk without constant instructor monitoring; instructor provides feedback/correction when questions arise

Instructor answers students’ questions about language

Students answer each other’s questions, using instructor as an information resource

Instructor chooses topics

Students have some choice of topics

Instructor evaluates student learning

Students evaluate their own learning; instructor also evaluates

Classroom is quiet

Classroom is often noisy and busy

http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/goalsmethods/learncentpop.html 

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