FANDOM


Line 18: Line 18:
   
 
<p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-align:justify;text-indent:-.25in; mso-list:l0level1lfo1">'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"TimesNewRoman"">3.<span style="font-variant-numeric:normal;font-weight:normal;font-stretch:normal;font-size:7pt;line-height:normal;font-family:"TimesNewRoman";">     3.  </span></span>''''''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height: 115%;font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">Explain the 4 key principles of student centered learning.</span>'''</p>
 
<p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-align:justify;text-indent:-.25in; mso-list:l0level1lfo1">'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"TimesNewRoman"">3.<span style="font-variant-numeric:normal;font-weight:normal;font-stretch:normal;font-size:7pt;line-height:normal;font-family:"TimesNewRoman";">     3.  </span></span>''''''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height: 115%;font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">Explain the 4 key principles of student centered learning.</span>'''</p>
 
   
 
*'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">Learning is personalized: </span>'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%; font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">The teacher is interested in each student knows, understands and appreciates.</span>
 
*'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">Learning is personalized: </span>'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%; font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">The teacher is interested in each student knows, understands and appreciates.</span>
Line 25: Line 24:
   
 
*'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">Students take ownership: </span>'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%; font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">The student achieves meaningful learning as directly involved in the process.</span>
 
*'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">Students take ownership: </span>'''<span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%; font-family:"TimesNewRoman","serif"">The student achieves meaningful learning as directly involved in the process.</span>
 
 
<p style="text-align: center;">By Liliana del Cisne Ordóñez Avila</p>
 
 
<p style="text-align: center;">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:11.0pt;line-height:115%; font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">What is learner centered instruction (LCI)? </span>'''''' '''</p>
 
Hello everyone,
 
 
For me LCI is an instructional and/or educational approach in which teachers are called to teach but focusing on b<span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;line-height:18.5714px;">oth the learner and learning. </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">Being a learner-centered </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">teacher means focusing attention on the learning process thus placing the learner in the center where the learning emerges. Le</span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">arner-centered </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">teachers should focus on wh</span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">at and how the student is learning, the conditions under the learning process is happening and the current learning positions for the student future learning. At this point it is important to clarify that learner - centered instruction </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;"> focuses on what the students are doing not what the teacher is doing.</span><span style="color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;line-height:18.5714px;"> The instructor provides students with opportunities to learn independently and from one another and coaches them in the skills they need to do so effectively. The LCI approach includes such techniques as substituting active learning experiences for lectures, assigning open-ended problems and problems requiring critical or creative thinking that cannot be solved by following text examples, involving students in simulations and role plays, and using self-paced and/or cooperative (team-based) learning. Properly implemented SCI can lead to increased motivation to learn, greater retention of knowledge, deeper understanding, and more positive attitudes towards the subject being taught (Collins & O'Brien, 2003). In most common simple words the </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">idea of learner - centered instruction </span><span style="font-weight:normal;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;">implies taking into account the learner’s experiences, talents, personalities, social backgrounds, and needs. It also refers to using current knowledge about learning as a way to help learners become lifelong learners able to cope with the rapid changing world.</span><span style="color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-weight:normal;"> </span>
 
 
<span style="line-height:18.5714px;"> </span>''' Explain the 4 key principles of student centered leraning.'''
 
 
<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1 Personalized Learning. </span>'''Student centered learning situates the teacher as facilitator and contributor rather than authoritarian and director of knowledge.'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor: text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Teacher  knows l</span><span style="color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-weight:normal;">earner’s experiences, talents, personalities, social backgrounds, and needs</span></p>
 
 
<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">2 Learning is competency based. </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">Because students manage a lot of information, student centered learning enables critical thinking. It means to develop knowledge rather than a collection of facts.  </span></p>
 
 
<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">3 Learning happens anytime, anywhere. </span>'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">Student centered learning employs effective assessment to promote learning anywhere at anytime even can inform future aspects. </span></p>
 
 
<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpLast">'''<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family:Arial; color:black;mso-themecolor:text1;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">4. Students take ownership. </span>'''Student centered learning returns the responsibility for learning to the students, so students are able to discover their strengths and weaknesses and take part in directing their own knowledge gain.</p>
 
 
<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpLast">
 
</p>
 
 
<p class="MsoListParagraphCxSpLast">Here is presented a chart with some functional aspects that have changed from the traditional method to the one which is our goal to reach, the Learner-centered.</p>
 
===Teacher vs. Learner-Centered Instruction===
 
{| border="1" bordercolor="#000000" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" style="font-family:"TimesNewRoman";" width="100%"
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
<p style="text-align: center;">Teacher-Centered</p>
 
|
 
<p style="text-align: center;">Learner-Centered</p>
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Focus is on instructor
 
|
 
Focus is on both students and instructor
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Focus is on language forms and structures (what the instructor knows about the language)
 
|
 
Focus is on language use in typical situations (how students will use the language)
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Instructor talks; students listen
 
|
 
Instructor models; students interact with instructor and one another
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Students work alone
 
|
 
Students work in pairs, in groups, or alone depending on the purpose of the activity
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Instructor monitors and corrects every student utterance
 
|
 
Students talk without constant instructor monitoring; instructor provides feedback/correction when questions arise
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Instructor answers students’ questions about language
 
|
 
Students answer each other’s questions, using instructor as an information resource
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Instructor chooses topics
 
|
 
Students have some choice of topics
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Instructor evaluates student learning
 
|
 
Students evaluate their own learning; instructor also evaluates
 
|- valign="top"
 
|
 
Classroom is quiet
 
|
 
Classroom is often noisy and busy
 
|}
 
http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/goalsmethods/learncentpop.html
 
 
[[Category:Browse]]
 
[[Category:Browse]]
 
[[Category:Http://learner-centered-instruction.wikia.com/wiki/Learnercenterapproach?venotify=created]]
 
[[Category:Http://learner-centered-instruction.wikia.com/wiki/Learnercenterapproach?venotify=created]]

Revision as of 00:39, September 18, 2016

By Erika Jessenia Pesántez Portilla

Learner Centered Instruction (LCI)

'1.      1. 'What is Learner Centered Instruction?

LCI allows the student to be part of their learning process, giving some views on objectives and interests.

In turn, the teacher creates an appropriate space in which the use of another language is not noticed.

'2.      2. 'What is the main role of the teacher in LCI?

The main role of the teacher is to motivate the student to take responsibility for self-education.

In this way learning will be valued even in another language that is more complex.

'3.     3.  'Explain the 4 key principles of student centered learning.

  • Learning is personalized: The teacher is interested in each student knows, understands and appreciates.
  • Learning is competency-based: The teacher responds to the needs of each student and allows them to go at their own pace.
  • Learning happens anytime, anywhere: Student knows and knows the world, allowing learns all the time inside and outside the classroom.
  • Students take ownership: The student achieves meaningful learning as directly involved in the process.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.